What causes “java.lang.IllegalStateException: Neither BindingResult nor plain target object for bean name ‘command’ available as request attribute”?

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I’m trying to write a Spring MVC web application where users can add movie names to an in-memory collection. It’s configured like so

public class Application extends AbstractAnnotationConfigDispatcherServletInitializer {
    protected Class<?>[] getRootConfigClasses() {
        return new Class<?>[] {};
    }
    protected Class<?>[] getServletConfigClasses() {
        return new Class<?>[] { SpringServletConfig.class };
    }
    protected String[] getServletMappings() {
        return new String[] { "/" };
    }
}

and

@Configuration
@ComponentScan("com.example")
public class SpringServletConfig extends WebMvcConfigurationSupport {
    @Bean
    public InternalResourceViewResolver resolver() {
        InternalResourceViewResolver vr = new InternalResourceViewResolver();
        vr.setPrefix("WEB-INF/jsps/");
        vr.setSuffix(".jsp");
        return vr;
    }
}

There’s a single @Controller class in the com.example package

@Controller
public class MovieController {
    private final CopyOnWriteArrayList<Movie> movies = new CopyOnWriteArrayList<>();
    @RequestMapping(path = "/movies", method = RequestMethod.GET)
    public String homePage(Model model) {
        model.addAttribute("movies", movies);
        return "index";
    }
    @RequestMapping(path = "/movies", method = RequestMethod.POST)
    public String upload(@ModelAttribute("movie") Movie movie, BindingResult errors) {
        if (!errors.hasErrors()) {
            movies.add(movie);
        }
        return "redirect:/movies";
    }
    public static class Movie {
        private String filmName;
        public String getFilmName() {
            return filmName;
        }
        public void setFilmName(String filmName) {
            this.filmName = filmName;
        }
    }
}

WEB-INF/jsps/index.jsp contains

<%@ taglib prefix="c" uri="http://java.sun.com/jsp/jstl/core"%>
<%@ taglib prefix="form" uri="http://www.springframework.org/tags/form"%>
<html>
<head>
<meta http-equiv="Content-Type" content="text/html; charset=UTF-8">
<title>Movies</title>
</head>
<body>
    Current Movies:
    <c:forEach items="${movies}" var="movieItem">
        <ul>
            <li>${movieItem.filmName}</li>
        </ul>
    </c:forEach>
    <form:form>
        <div>Movie name:</div>
        <form:input path="filmName" type="text" id="name" />
        <input type="submit" value="Upload">
    </form:form>
</body>
</html>

The application is configured with context path /Example. When I send a GET request to

http://localhost:8080/Example/movies

the request fails, Spring MVC responds with a 500 status code, and reports the following exception and stack trace

java.lang.IllegalStateException: Neither BindingResult nor plain target object for bean name 'command' available as request attribute
    org.springframework.web.servlet.support.BindStatus.<init>(BindStatus.java:144)
    org.springframework.web.servlet.tags.form.AbstractDataBoundFormElementTag.getBindStatus(AbstractDataBoundFormElementTag.java:168)
    org.springframework.web.servlet.tags.form.AbstractDataBoundFormElementTag.getPropertyPath(AbstractDataBoundFormElementTag.java:188)
    org.springframework.web.servlet.tags.form.AbstractDataBoundFormElementTag.getName(AbstractDataBoundFormElementTag.java:154)
    org.springframework.web.servlet.tags.form.AbstractDataBoundFormElementTag.writeDefaultAttributes(AbstractDataBoundFormElementTag.java:117)
    org.springframework.web.servlet.tags.form.AbstractHtmlElementTag.writeDefaultAttributes(AbstractHtmlElementTag.java:422)
    org.springframework.web.servlet.tags.form.InputTag.writeTagContent(InputTag.java:142)
    org.springframework.web.servlet.tags.form.AbstractFormTag.doStartTagInternal(AbstractFormTag.java:84)
    org.springframework.web.servlet.tags.RequestContextAwareTag.doStartTag(RequestContextAwareTag.java:80)
    org.apache.jsp.WEB_002dINF.jsps.index_jsp._jspx_meth_form_005finput_005f0(index_jsp.java:267)
    org.apache.jsp.WEB_002dINF.jsps.index_jsp._jspx_meth_form_005fform_005f0(index_jsp.java:227)
    org.apache.jsp.WEB_002dINF.jsps.index_jsp._jspService(index_jsp.java:142)
    org.apache.jasper.runtime.HttpJspBase.service(HttpJspBase.java:70)
    javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:729)
    org.apache.jasper.servlet.JspServletWrapper.service(JspServletWrapper.java:438)
    org.apache.jasper.servlet.JspServlet.serviceJspFile(JspServlet.java:396)
    org.apache.jasper.servlet.JspServlet.service(JspServlet.java:340)
    javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:729)
    org.apache.tomcat.websocket.server.WsFilter.doFilter(WsFilter.java:52)
    org.springframework.web.servlet.view.InternalResourceView.renderMergedOutputModel(InternalResourceView.java:168)
    org.springframework.web.servlet.view.AbstractView.render(AbstractView.java:303)
    org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.render(DispatcherServlet.java:1257)
    org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.processDispatchResult(DispatcherServlet.java:1037)
    org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.doDispatch(DispatcherServlet.java:980)
    org.springframework.web.servlet.DispatcherServlet.doService(DispatcherServlet.java:897)
    org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.processRequest(FrameworkServlet.java:970)
    org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.doGet(FrameworkServlet.java:861)
    javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:622)
    org.springframework.web.servlet.FrameworkServlet.service(FrameworkServlet.java:846)
    javax.servlet.http.HttpServlet.service(HttpServlet.java:729)
    org.apache.tomcat.websocket.server.WsFilter.doFilter(WsFilter.java:52)

I expected the JSP to generate an HTML <form> with a single text input, for a Movie name, and a submit button, that I can use to send a POST request with a new Movie. Why does the JSP servlet instead fail to render Spring’s <form:form> tag?